Christopher Tudge and Rafael Lemaitre
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20013-7012, USA
After the success of the first “Biology of the Anomura” symposium at the Fifth International Crustacean Congress (ICC5) in Melbourne, Australia in 2001, and the publication of a volume dedicated to various papers presented therein (see Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60 (1), 2003), it seemed natural that a second symposium devoted to the Anomura should follow. This was done during ICC6, 18-22 July 2005, in Glasgow, Scotland, UK., entitled: The “Biology of the Anomura II”, and during which 72 authors from 14 countries presented 20 oral papers and 17 posters.
Through the vision and generosity of The Carcinological Society of Japan (President: Keiji Baba), this special volume of Crustacean Research is dedicated to various papers presented during the ICC6 symposium. This volume contains 16 papers from 332 authors representing nineeight countries, and covers most of the fields and groups being researched by anomuran co-workers worldwide. In fact, seven fields are covered in these papers and six anomuran families, greater than 10 genera and more than 20 species are the topics of the excellent research papers. Included are two papers onf reproductive biology dealing with descriptions of sperm structure and the male apparatus in diogenid hermit crabs; four papers on ecology, including a Gulf of Mexico commensal porcellanid in polychaete tubes, the biogeography and ecology of pagurid and diogenid hermit crabs from western Mexico, and reproductive ecology of diogenid hermit crabs; four papers on behavior, reporting suwimming behavior of galatheid crab, shell assessment mating and aggressive behavior of Japanese intertidal hermit crabs; one on the expression of heat shock proteins in land hermit crabs; two papers on morphology and taxonomy of hermit crabs including morphology of sexual tubes and description of color pattern in hermit crabs; one on the molecular and morphological phylogeny of western Atlantic Porcellanidae; and two fishery biology papers including a world wide review of lithodid crabs and Atlantic Paralomis crab fishery.
Not all those colleagues who attended the symposium submitted manuscripts for this volume, while others who could not attend ICC6 did submit papers.
The enthusiastic international participation in the symposium, the diversity of topics and taxa covered, and the high quality of research papers and posters, are all firm indicators of the worldwide interest in the field of anomuran systematics and biology. With pleasure we have served as coordinators of these symposia, and find great satisfaction in seeing that our work has served as a catalyst to bring together anomuran biologists and share our common research interests. We hope to be able to continue serving in future symposia and volumes dedicated to this fascinating decapod group.